Milestones in the story of Wild Heerbrugg
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Milestones in the story of Wild Heerbrugg Ltd.  

The aim of this booklet is to give you some idea of how Wild Heerbrugg Ltd. has developed.

1921  On 26th April the firm "Heinrich Wild, Werkstätte für Feinmechanik und Optik" is founded in Heerbrugg by Colonel Jacob Schmidheiny of Balgach, the geologist Dr. Robert Helbling of Flums and the surveyor Heinrich Wild of Glarus. 
With a workforce of about 30, Heinrich Wild starts designing and constructing his first instruments, among them the T2 Universal Theodolite.

1922  In autumn, the first phototheodolite is operational, and a school for apprentices in precision mechanics is set up.

1923  The joint-stock company "Verkaufsgesellschaft Heinrich Wild - Geodätische Instrumente" is founded to market the products. 
The financial participation of Ernst Schmidheiny gives the young company a decisive boost.
The first A l Stereo-Autograph is tested in Dr. Helbling's office and the factory sells its first level. 
Ahrend Holding N.V., Amsterdam, become the first Wild agents abroad. 
The company sets up its own building and housing department.

1924  The first T2 Universal Theodolites are dispatched. "Heinrich Wild, Werkstätte für Feinrnechanik und Optik" is taken over by the "Verkaufsgesellschaft".

1925  Design work is in progress on an optical alidade for a plane table. In June the first Universal Autograph is completed and undergoes tests in Dr. Helbling's office. 
The T3 Precision Theodolite and the N 3 Precision Level are also on the drawing board. 
By the end of the year the workforce has increased to 130. 
Albert Schmidheini joins the firm as Managing Director.

1926  The manufacture of optical parts moves to Rebstein, where a school for training in optics is also established. 
The A2 Autograph goes into production. 
W. Kriszat AB in Stockholm and SIPI in Milan become the second and third Wild agents, followed by agencies in Denmark, Belgium, France, Portugal, Czechoslovakia and overseas in Bolivia, Peru, Uruguay and South Africa.

1927  The first aerial camera, the C1, leaves the factory. 
Further agencies are established in Spain, Austria, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Canada, Columbia, Chile, Brazil and Japan.

1928  The T2 and T3 theodolites, the N1, N2 and N3 levels, the P3 Phototheodolite and the A2 Autograph go into serial production. 
Gebr. Wichmann K.G., Berlin, become the Wild agents in Germany.

1929  The C2 and C3 Aerial Cameras go into production.

1930  The factory building in Heerbrugg has become too small and an upper floor is added. 
By the end of this year the workforce has risen to 260. 
An agency is opened in Mexico, bringing the total number of agencies to 27.

1931  The international financial crisis takes its toll and the workforce drops to 151.

1932  The manufacturing program is extended to include the NK1 Compact Level, the T0 Compass Theodolite, the T1 Repetition Theodolite, the 2-metre Subtense Bar, the El Rectifier for aerial photographs, the A3 Autograph, a mirror stereoscope and a cathetometer. 
Agencies are set up in Finland, Greece and the United States.

1933  The T0 Compass Theodolite, the C12 Stereometric Camera and the A4 Autograph appear on the market. 
The workforce is down by a third, to 125.

1934  The first T1 Theodolite and E1 Rectifier leave the factory.

1935  Thorolf Gregersen AS in Oslo, Diethelm & Co. in Bangkok and B. & L. Terner Eng. Ltd., Haifa, become Wild agents. 
An agency is also established in Turkey.

1936  Agencies are set up in Luxemburg and EI Salvador.

1937  The N2 Engineer's Level gets its well-known "rolling" telescope with reversible tubular level.
The A5 Autograph - for years to come the world's plotting "workhorse" - and the RC3 Automatic Aerial Camera are put on the market.

1938  The A6 Second-Order Stereo-Plotter and the S3 Stereoscope are launched, and the BC2 Ballistic Camera designed. 
The first seven sheds are built and the existing factory buildings enlarged. 
Wild now has a workforce of 630 and is represented in 37 countries.

1939  The K2 Optical Alidade and a mirror stereoscope appear on the market. 
Wild decide to produce microscopes in order to offset any losses in the survey field. 
311 of the company's employees are called up for military service at the start of the Second World War.

1940  The Insurance Fund (the forerunner of a pension scheme) is set up, covering the entire personnel.

1941  The Company Welfare Fund is established and the new building for the research departments and the laboratories is ready.

1942  The RC5 Automatic Aerial Camera and the ST1 and ST2 Mirror Stereoscopes go into production.

1943  The TM0 Rangefinder is launched and production of stainless, chromium-steel drawing sets commences. 
The factory buildings are extended and an observation tower constructed.

1944  The T4 Universal Instrument appears on the market.

1945  New agencies are opened in the Philippines and Venezuela.

1946  Agencies are set up in India and Singapore.

1947  The first M9 and M10 Microscopes are sold. 
The OMAG company in Allschwil, near Basle, is taken over by Wild. 
Agencies are established in Nigeria and New Zealand.

1948  The Aviotar - the first of L. Bertele's series of high-precision photogrammetric lenses - is produced. 
The first company-owned foreign agency, "Henry Wild Surveying Instruments Supply Company of America, Inc.", is founded in the USA. 
Messrs. R. & A. Rost become Wild agents in Austria.

1949  The A7 Autograph, with connections for the EK Coordinate Printer, goes into production. Research and Development Departments are set up for geodesy, photogrammetry and microscopy.

1950  Production of the A8 Autograph and the RC7 Aerial Camera with the Aviotar Ions commences.
The T12 Pocket Theodolite and the RDH and RDS Self-Reducing Tachometers appear on the market. 
The Attachable Camera 1, the first Wild camera for photomicrography, the 20x, 40x, 50x and 100x Wild Fluotar objectives and the corresponding compensating eyepieces are now on sale.
An agency is set up in Iran.

1951  Wild Paris, a company-owned agency, is established in France.

1952  The BC4 Ballistic Camera for ballistic measurements and satellite triangulation goes into production, and the A7 and A8 Autograph are shown at the 7th International Photogrammetric Congress in Washington. 
The Aviogon Ions is put on the market. Conventional phase contrast equipment and the novel "Wild- Variocolor" accessory for color phase contrast are included in the microscopy program.
An electromagnetic fine-focusing device, a projection and drawing mirror and a simple polarization outfit are on sale.

1953 The new administrative building is opened in Heerbrugg. 
A company-owned agency is established in Sydney, Australia.

1954  The RC8 Aerial Camera with the Aviogon fens goes into production and the first BC4 Camera is sold. 
The Reprogon Ions appears on the market and the M11 and M20 Microscopes are now on sale. 
The name of the company is changed to the now universally-known "Wild Heerbrugg Ltd."
"Wild of Canada Ltd." is founded in Ottawa.

1955  The TM10 Tacheometric Rangefinder for distances up to 500 meters goes into production and the T16 Direct Reading Theodolite is on sale. 
The STKL Precision Stereocomparator for analytic photogrammetry and coordinate printers for the A7 and A8 are developed. 
he Attachable Camera 11 with H-phototube is introduced.

1956  An improved version of the T2 Universal Theodolite leaves the factory. 
The cine attachment with projection tube is on the marked for cinemicrography. 
The "Optik-Hus", a canteen and social center, is inaugurated in Heerbrugg.

1957  The A9 Autograph for super-wide-angle photographs, the RC9 Super-Wide- Angle Camera, the U3 Diapositive Printer and the VG 1 Enlarger go into production. 
A drawing tube for the M 20 Microscope first appears in the sales program. 
Wild Portugal is founded. 
The workforce reaches 2000.

1958  The T1 is given an automatic vertical index and becomes the T1A. 
The B8 and B9 Aviographs and the E3 Rectifier go into production. 
The RC9 Super-Wide- Angle Camera is on the market. Wild enters the stereomicroscope field with the M5. 
The company school for apprentices moves into a new building in Heerbrugg. Wild (South Africa) is set up in Johannesburg.

1959  The M5 is quickly joined by the M4 Stereomicroscope. 
The new company school is so popular that an apprentices' hostel has to be erected. 
The Optical Computing Department gets its first computer, a Zuse 22 R.

1960  The drawing tube for the M5 Stereomicroscope is available. 
The Insurance Fund is changed into a Pension Fund.

1961  The M4 Stereomicroscope gets its own drawing tube. 
On 2nd October 1961 the workforce of Wild Heerbrugg Ltd. reaches the 3000 mark. 
A subsidiary factory is opened in Oberriet and Casa Wild S.A. is set up in Rio de Janeiro.

1962  The NA2 Automatic Level, The RK1 Self-Reducing Alidade, the ZNL Zenith and Nadir Plummet and the DI50 Microwave Distancer go on sale. 
The BS Stereomat, the C120 and C40 Stereometrie Cameras, the U9 Fixed-Ratio Printer, the E4 Rectifier-Enlarger and the U4 Diapositive Printer go into production. A new discussion tube is available for the M11 and M20 Microscopes, and the M21 Polarizing Microscope appears on the market. 
The new four-story optics building is inaugurated in Rebstein. 
Wild Heerbrugg takes over the Leidolf camera factory in Wetzlar, West Germany, and Wild S.A. is founded in Dakar, Senegal.

1963  The GAK1 Gyro Attachment for existing theodolites and the ARK1 Gyro Aiming Circle, both independent north-seeking instruments, go into production. 
The Universal-Aviogon lens, corrected for visible and infra-red light, is on the market. 
A new phototube for stereomicroscopes, the M5 pol. and a new projection head are introduced. 
The new building for microscope assembly is completed. 
The subsidiary company OMAG moves to its new factory promises al Mels, south of Heerbrugg.

1964  The B8 Stereomat, the E4 Rectifier-Enlarger and the A40 Autograph are shown at the International Photogrammetric Congress in Lisbon. 
The 1000th Autograph is delivered to Japan. 
Wild enters the field of inverted microscopes with the M40 and M50. 
The Photoautomat is now available. 
The company medical service starts work. "Wild Heerbrugg (U.K.) Ltd." is established in Maidstone.

1965  The Transmitted Light Base for stereomicroscopes, the M4C Stereomicroscope for industrial applications and interference attachments for microscopes become available. 
An IBM 360/40 computer (with 128 K storage) is installed in a special building in Heerbrugg. 
The "Wild-Verkaufsgeselischaft Mikroskopie GmbH" is founded in Munich.

1966  The 40,000th T1 Repetition Theodolite leaves the factory. 
Wild de Mexico S.A., Mexico City, and Wild del Peru S.A., Lima, are established.

1967  The M4A Stereomicroscope, a simple instrument with magnification changer drum, appears on the market and the first M500 Infra- Red/Ultraviolet Image Converter Unit leaves the factory. 
In July 1967 the workforce in the Rhine Valley factories totals 3724, the highest figure since the company was founded in 1921. 
A self-service restaurant is added to the "Optik-Hus". 
Wild Heerbrugg Svenska AB is set up in Stockholm.

1968  The Research and Development Department for Microscopy moves into a new building. 
The A2000 Stereomat is shown at the International Photogrammetric Congress in Lausanne. The DI10 Distomat Infra-Red Distancer, developed in Cooperation with Messrs. Sercel of France, appears on the market. 
The EK8 Coordinate Printer, the RC10 Universal Film Camera with the Super-Aviogon 11 lens, the A10 Autograph and the ST10 Strip Stereoscope go into production. 
The company's 2000th Autograph - a Wild B8 - is delivered to England.

1969  The M501 Sampling Microscope and the Electronic Micro-Length Measuring Attachment are available.

1970  The Wild M7 Zoom Stereomicroscope god's into production. 
Work is started on a new, five-story Research and Development building opposite the existing administrative block in Heerbrugg. 
In view of the labor shortage in Switzerland, the Board of Directors decide to set up a subsidiary factory in Völkermarkt, Austria, under the name "Wild Heerbrugg G.m.b.H. (Kärnten)"
This will be the company's first large-scale production plant outside Switzerland. 
A total of over 4200 people are now employed by Wild Heerbrugg Ltd. in its factories and various sales and service organizations throughout the world.

1971  The Board of Directors decide to set up a subsidiary factory in Singapore. 
The B8S Aviograph, the P32 Terrestrial Camera and the APK1 Panorama Camera go into production. 
The new NAK0 and NAK1 Levels, the T2 Universal Theodolite with part-digital reading and the new DI60 Microwave Distancer are shown at the International Congress of Surveyors in Wiesbaden. 
The five-story Research and Development Building is opened.  

1972   End of the production on the drawing instruments (1943 - 1972). 
Release of the new models:
Wild T2 (digital reading) 
new level models (NAK0; NAK1; NAK2; N2)
Autograph A8
Photo camera P31 and P32

1973   DISTOMAT Wild DI3    

1974   GLO Laser ocular
WILD RC10 Aerial camera    

1975   new models Wild T05, Wild T1 and Wild T16
new microscope M8

1976   Epimakroscop Wild M450 
Photomakroskop M400
Avioplan Wild OR1 

1977   Wild Tachymat TC1

1978   new models Wild N3
new models Wild ZL (automatic zenith plumet
new models Wild NL (automatic nadir plumet

1979   Mikrophotosystem MPS45

1980   DISTOMAT Wild DI4
Aviolyt AC1
Aviotab TA2
Start of production of the surgery microscopes M610 / M630 / M650

1981   Wild DI10
Wild Di20

1982   Wild BC1

1983   Theomat Wild T2000
surgery microscope M690
new models M3B; M3C; M3Z

1984   DISTOMAT Wild DI5

1985   DISTOMAT Wild DI1000
electronic Theodolite Wild T1000

1988   Laser level Wild LNA2
Theomat Wild T3000
Theomat Wild T1600
Tachymeter Wild TC1000
Tachymeter Wild TC1600

1989   surgery microscope M655
Mikrophotosystem MPS46/52
Plotter Wild TA41

1990   Zoom-Stereo microscope M10

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